How do I make a vim file executable?

How do I make a vim file executable?

While creating scripts and other executable files with Vim you need to set the Unix executable bit on the file. You can do this from inside Vim with :! chmod a+x % . The % represents the current buffer’s file name.

What is executable bit?

The execute bit ( x ) allows the affected user to enter the directory, and access files and directories inside. The sticky bit ( T , or t if the execute bit is set for others) states that files and directories within that directory may only be deleted or renamed by their owner (or root)

How do I change to Sudo in Vim?

What the command does:

  1. :w = Write a file.
  2. ! sudo = Call shell sudo command.
  3. tee = The output of the vi/vim write command is redirected using tee.
  4. % = Triggers the use of the current filename.
  5. Simply put, the ‘tee’ command is run as sudo and follows the vi/vim command on the current filename given.

How to prepare a Vim file for execution?

Prepare by opening a file in Vim, then using :edit foo.txt in the same window to open a new buffer. Now run the following command: Vim will open the first file in a vertical split to the right of the second file. What happened here? First, Vim builds the command string by concatenating “rightbelow vsplit ” with the result of the bufname (“#”) call.

How to execute and learn vimscript using Echom?

You can play with it using echom if you want to see for yourself. Once bufname is evaluated Vim builds the string “rightbelow vsplit bar.txt”. The execute command evaluates this as a Vimscript command which opens the split with the file.

What is the Execute command in vimscript used for?

The execute command is used to evaluate a string as if it were a Vimscript command. We saw it in an earlier chapter, but now that we know a bit more about Vimscript Strings we’re going to take another look. Run the following command: :execute “echom ‘Hello, world!'”

How to prevent VIM from creating ( and leaving ) temporary?

If the buffer has a swapfile, it will not be detected when the file is first opened. It will only be detected when swapfile is enabled, which is when you start to edit the buffer. That is annoyingly late, and will interrupt you.